Conservation Biology

Wednesday, August 16, 2006

ANIMAL AND PLANT DOMESTICATION

Since David has asked for more details on where the animals and plants came from that were domesticated, here is some info from the paper by Mannion (1999). (Due to lack of time, I have copied and pasted the info… hope this is not too illegal!!)

“The ancestors of the domesticated sheep, goat, cattle and pig are the mouflon, bezoar goat, auroch and wild pig respectively. In the case of domesticated cattle, there is biomolecular evidence based on the analysis of the mitochondrial deoxyribonucleic acid (mDNA) sequences in the mitochondria of modern species in Africa, Europe and India to indicate that there were at least two centres of domestication (Bradley et al., 1996). One of these was probably southwest Asia whilst the other was in India.” (Mannion 1999, p47)



References:


Bradley DG, MacHugh, DE, Cunningham, P and Loftus RT. 1996: Mitochondrial diversity and the origins of African and European cattle. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 93: 5131–5135.

Evans LT. 1993. Crop evolution, adaptation and yield. Cambridge: Cambridge University
Press.

Mannion AM. 1995. Agriculture and environmental change. Temporal and spatial dimensions. Chichester: Wiley.

Mannion AM. 1999. Domestication and the origins of agriculture: an appraisal. Progress in Physical Geography 23(1):37–56

Normile D. 1997.Yangtze seen as earliest rice site. Science 275: 309 (this report concerns ecent research results presented to the nternational Symposium on Agriculture and ivilization, Nara, Japan, 13–14 December1996).

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