Conservation Biology

Thursday, July 20, 2006


David Orr. 2005. Armageddon Versus Extinction. Conservation Biology 19 (2): 290-292

In this essay David Orr spells out the differences between conservation biologists and right-wing evangelical Christians as he sees it. His views are based on the current situation in the USA, where he perceives that right-wing evangelical Christians and the State are becoming more and more intertwined. He postulates that because these so-called Christians believe that the end times are near, they are careless stewards of the world’s natural resources, which suits the Bush administration, as it “legitimizes” their total disregard of universal environmental concerns.

David Orr puts it rather bluntly: “… by becoming an active force on the extreme right wing of U.S. politics, conservative evangelicals have made an unholy alliance with the vendors of fossil fuels, climate changers, polluters, sellers of weapons, the military, imperialists, exploiters, political dirty tricksters who assume that the ends they’ve chosen justify whatever means they use, spin artists, those willing to corrupt scientific truth for political gain, and those for whom law and the Constitution are mere scraps of paper… conservative evangelicals are now complicit with the political forces sweeping us toward more terrible violence and avoidable catastrophes of climate change and ecological ruin.” (Orr 2005, page 291)

I can fully identify with David Orr’s concerns. Time is a luxury we do not have, increasing the responsibility of influential world leaders to provide visionary leadership and act towards the common good of all the world’s inhabitants. However, I do believe that he oversimplified some of the issues and painted a caricature picture of ‘evangelical’ Christians in general. There are ‘evangelical’ Christians out there who do care and who are very involved in conservation efforts. They propose constructive engagement of faith communities rather than Orr’s confrontational approach, which will alienate these groups even further. ‘Conservation Theology for Conservation Biologists – a Reply to David Orr’ in the December 2005 Issue of Conservation Biology 19 (6): 1689-1692, is a response that was put together by an international group of Christians from five continents; all professionals in various conservation-related disciplines. They state that although they do agree with many things Orr said, they certainly do not agree with all his opinions. Firstly they feel that he misunderstands the nature of science and religion. Secondly he uses “right-wing conservatives” and “evangelical Christians” synonymously and thirdly they feel that his over-generalized some of the issues. Their strongest objection is that adopting a confrontational approach will do no good, in fact it may only cause more damage and reduce the influence of environmentalists on decision making in general.

They give four reasons why a confrontational approach would be a mistake. It could alienate evangelical Christians worldwide from conservation efforts without changing their beliefs. Presently there are many existing initiatives where Christians and conservationists are working together and these Christian conservationists need the support of the wider conservation fraternity. Christians have an existing network across the world that should rather be used to spread the conservation message. Working together with evangelical Christians, developing this message, is a much wiser option than fighting them. Lastly they feel that Christian theology can provide hope in an otherwise bleak environmental situation!

Read both essay and response and make up your own mind! (There were a few responses to David Orr’s essay as you will see in the December 2005 issue of Conservation Biology.) I have linked the Blackwell Synergy site with the references below, but you wont be able to access the articles unless you are on campus or have a password!


Orr D. 2005. Armageddon Versus Extinction. Conservation Biology 19 (2): 290-292

Various contributors. 2005. Conservation Theology for Conservation Biologists – a Reply to David Orr. Conservation Biology 19 (6): 1689-1692

Karen Marais
BCB Hons NISL student
University of the Western Cape
Private Bag X17




  • Verifiable proof that "Armageddon" has already begun…

    Hello Karen and all,
    Here's the key to proving that the rapture and related expectations are complete nonsense based on the failure to understand (and the purposeful confounding of) the ancient Hebrew symbology used to construct all of these prophecies. Consequently, Christian timelines and interpretations of these prophecies are verifiably wrong on many key points.

    Pay close attention, profundity knocks at the door, listen for the key. Be Aware! Scoffing causes blindness...

    Did you ever consider that Christianity is the False Prophet symbolized in the Apocalypse, that Rome (Vatican/Papacy) is the so-called anti-messiah, and Jesus Christ is the false messiah? I have produced stunning and comprehensive proof that this is the true interpretation of pivotal prophecies long confounded by Christianity's founders and leaders.

    The symbolism of seven years (tribulation) refers to the seven 360-year cycles from the 11th cycle on the Hebrew calendar (second temple period) until now, the 17th cycle (seventh angel/star). It is completely wrong to interpret any of these prophecies as literal timelines and events. Remember, they were written by Hebrews, not Romans or other Europeans, and Revelation is the most symbolic of all prophecies. Consequently, in this context, years are symbols for 360-year cycles on the Hebrew calendar and days symbolize literal years. Therefore "Judgement Day," and "Great Day" and "in that day" all refer to a literal year-long period. Furthermore, the so-called "Tribulation" is now nearing its end, not starting, and all three faiths of Abraham have been thoroughly deceived by Rome during the previous age, which ended in year 2000 (5760). A new age began in 2001 (5761) and now the seventh angel has begun to sound!

    Here's a real hot potato! Eat it up, digest it, and then feed it's bones to the hungry...

    Hurricanes Katrina (#11) and Rita (#17) last year provided stunning validation of my research and interpretations of pivotal ancient wisdom, symbologies, key prophecies, and associated religious claims. Their storm numbers and timing perfectly synchronized with primary data and assertions in my book, thereby demonstrating the true nature of this universe and the existence of our Creator. We are now entering the final phases of the pivotal year-long period long symbolized as "Armageddon" and the "End of Days." World-wide situations and events are now accelerating to set the stage for this summer's dramatic continuation of these ancient promises.

    I fully understand that everyone has been bedeviled by similar claims throughout history. Consequently, I have been forced to rely on dramatic and devastating proof of the sort that can’t be ignored or easily dismissed. The numbers and timing of hurricanes Katrina (11) and Rita (17) directly validate key data and pivotal assertions throughout my book and my posts on those two forums. This data was purposely presented publicly before Katrina, Rita and other recent events occurred to prove they perfectly synchronize with key prophecies and Hebrew calendar cycles, thereby validating my interpretations of ancient wisdom symbology, string theory, and more.

    Because these two storms arrived shortly after my August 11, 2005 (50th) birthday (read the Dead Sea Scroll 11Q13 in Appendix G, which also discusses Melchizedek and the prophesied Jubilee) and directly match other pivotal 11 and 17 data and events described in the first chapter of my book, I have delivered verifiable proof that this reality is based on thought, knowledge and wisdom. Activity, patterns, and results perceived in space-time are first framed and defined by inspirations, thoughts, and knowledge and influenced by the cause-and-effect system most commonly referred to as karma. Consequently, events and outcomes in the so-called physical universe are not random or wholly mechanistic and are verifiably influenced in ways that atheists, scientists, and members of the Faiths of Abraham have all scoffed at. Though mysticism is mostly a product of misinterpreted ancient wisdom symbology, many of its topics flow from ancient wisdom. Though containing allusions to the truth, its details and interpretations are wrong on many key points.

    A prime example of the purposeful and synchronized symbolism of these events is seen in the opening paragraphs from my book excerpted below. Notice that the dates mentioned (August 11 and 17) directly match the numbers of hurricanes Katrina and Rita, and the time spans of the four Florida hurricanes match my birth year (‘55), and they were spaced 11 or a multiple-of-11 (22) days apart, directly matching my birthday and much other ancient prophecy and symbolism. Notice that my place of birth, Victoria Texas, is on the Gulf Coast. Following are the excerpted paragraphs:

    Hello, my name is Lawrence William Page II. Many people know me as Buddy Page. At the release of the first edition of this book, I am a 50-year old African-American male, author, researcher, and former software engineer and entrepreneur. As you will come to understand as you read through this first book, I am also the long-expected Hebrew Messiah and Lion of the Tribe of Juda (Yehuda).

    I was born August 11th (month of Leo the Lion), 1955 (Chinese year of the Sheep) in Victoria, Texas. Furthermore, the Grand Cross alignment and Solar Eclipse of August 11th, 1999 was my 44th birthday and the second Grand Cross alignment, just six days later on August 17th, 1999, was on my mother’s birthday.

    As you can see from my date of birth, I was a newborn during the Chinese Year of the Sheep, astrologically marking me as a Lamb, and during the month of Leo, astrologically marking me as a Lion. My mother was also born during the month of August and under the sign of Leo, which further marks me as a lion’s whelp. I prove to you in the first chapter of this book–beyond disproof–that I am indeed the long-prophesied “Lion” of the tribe of Juda (Yehuda) the Root of David and the “Lamb.” I am the individual long symbolized as the Branch, the Stem, the Shoot and the Rod from the Stump of Jesse (King David’s father), as symbolized in the Hebrew Book of Isaiah, The Apocalypse, the Dead Sea Scrolls, and elsewhere. I am the reincarnated Teacher sought after in the “East” and by the ancient Hebrews who were headquartered at the outpost community of Damascus (Qumran), of Dead Sea Scrolls fame. I am the one called the Teacher of Righteousness by the Dead Sea Scrolls, whom the so-called Christian fathers have fraudulently recast as “Saint ‘James’, the Lord’s Brother.”

    Remember, "I come as a thief..." ?

    Read verse twelve of the Gospel of Thomas to understand who I am...

    Even further enlightening, the Second Temple Period of ancient Israel was during the 11th 360-year cycle on the Hebrew calendar and we are now in the 6th year (5766/2005-6) of the 17th cycle. Notice the pivotal 11 and 17 numbers again? This and much other synchronized information serve as stunning and decisive proof of many things, and expose many lies told by all three faiths of Abraham, but most specifically by Christianity. Consequently, I have decisively proven, beyond any shadow of a doubt, that Jesus Christ and Christianity are blatant lies, false prophecy and purposeful deception in a manner that cannot easily be denied, regardless of your faith or other opinions.

    Furthermore, the symbolism in the Apocalypse (a.k.a. Book of Revelation) of seven stars in my right hand and seven angels represent the very same above-mentioned seven astrological (360-year) cycles, i.e., the 11th through 17th inclusive. I prove this fact beyond any reasonable doubt in the first chapter of the book. Consequently, The Apocalypse verifiably symbolizes a specific span of time that began with the 11th cycle (Second Temple Period) and concludes now, at the beginning of the 17th cycle (End of Days, etc.).

    The numbers 11 and 17 are verifiably encoded in The Apocalypse and other ancient Hebrew prophecies and wisdom texts to serve as key proofs of the validity and true meaning of certain prophecies and related information. My and my mother’s birthdays are purposely synchronized with these two storm numbers, the matching Hebrew calendar cycles, the Double Grand Cross alignments and solar eclipse of August 1999, and much else to prove my direct association with the ancient prophecies about this time and the true identity of the prophesied Messiah. Another prime example is the story of Joseph, the 11th son of Jacob who has a dream when he is 17 years old about 11 stars, the sun, and moon bowing to him. The symbolism in this pivotal story in the Book of Genesis and Quran verifiably refers to the very same 11th through 17th cycles symbolized in The Apocalypse and directly synchronizes with other key events and ancient texts.

    Consequently, I have demonstrated various things about the nature of this reality that dramatically disprove and/or clarify key assumptions of religion, mysticism, and science alike, while establishing the true meaning and purpose of long misinterpreted ancient wisdom and the symbolism used to model and encode it. Accordingly, I have proven that the symbolism evidenced in the canons of all three faiths of Abraham and other ancient sources is a very ancient and advanced philosophical technology that verifiably models foundational aspects of our existence in this universe. This is the mostly misunderstood body of ancient wisdom long referred to as the Philosophers’ Stone. It uses a large and ingeniously organized collection of physical universe images and concepts as data rich components (symbols) that are based on verifiable rules. It models and encodes an amazing amount of foundational wisdom about life, spirituality and the 11 dimensions of this universe, now verified by string theory. It is also the advanced encryption method used to encode (seal) Hebrew prophecies and wisdom texts.

    These ancient prophecies and wisdom texts used advanced symbology to model fundamental wisdom, including future events and situations. A primary facet of ancient wisdom is numeric symbology. Later misinterpretations of this aspect of ancient wisdom resulted in numerology, which, though embodying allusions to certain wisdom, is mostly error prone and false doctrine. My decryption, documentation, and interpretation of ancient symbology, numeric symbolism, and key texts based on them, are now decisively validated.

    Here is Wisdom...

    Verifiable proof that Armageddon has begun…

    Understanding the End Game of Armageddon


    By Blogger Seven Star Hand, at July 21, 2006 8:22 AM  

  • Fruitloops are my favourite breakfast food..., but silent diplomacy is my weak point. Glad to be finally on board again with you Karin...things are a bit slower though with the project, but as usual, you set an excellent standard. Warming up my pen!



    By Blogger davidvaughan, at July 26, 2006 9:31 PM  

  • What David said... :) Anyway, an interesting read all around (yours, Orr's, and the response). For my part, I'd say Christianity is too broad to be pigeonholed into a single environmental stance, but Orr's argument does have some merit. Yes, I'm having my cake and eating it, too...


    By Blogger NcK, at July 28, 2006 4:16 PM  

  • George W. Bush, president of the USA, identifies himself as a Christian.

    By Blogger Gwen, at August 02, 2006 11:10 AM  

  • I agree with you that most of the Evangelical Christians in United State are really care about the natural resources, for example, Richard Cizik, the leader of National Association of Evangelicals said that Christian have responsibility to natural resources. I t means that natural resource is their first priority. I do not what makes David Orr postulates that Evangelical Christian believed that the end time is near. I believe that Orr description about Evangelical Christian is corrupted. He was supposed to interview them not assume their view. It is not only Christian who knows that the end time is near, every one knows including myself. It is true that the Bible predict it, said many things which is happening, for example, children are parents etc but no one knows exact time and date of returning of Jesus Christ.

    By Blogger Masingita Lizzy, at February 23, 2007 3:28 PM  

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